In the process of cloning cannabis, cuttings are taken from a “mother plant” in vegetative growth and are rooted to be grown as a separate plant. In order to survive, marijuana clones must develop a rooting system. Your marijuana clones do this by using energy from carbohydrates stored within the cutting. Taking your weed cuttings from the lower branches means they will root faster and be stronger as these contain higher amounts of sugars than those taken from the tip of the mother plant.
It is important when preparing to clone our cannabis plants that everything be clean. We use surgical gloves, and then we clean our hands and tools well with alcohol. In essence, We are preparing for surgery, and we will be operating on a favorite plant we know and love.
After we've sanitized ourselves and the cloning station, we prepare our supplies: Rooting gel, a sharp pair of scizzors, single edged razor blades, the grow medium we start the clones in (Rockwool) soaked in filtered water at PH 5.5, and natural rooting nutrients - along with a label for the strain we've selected for the day.
With our station set up, we go out to the field and find a strong mother plant.
All our plants in the field are grown from seed, and we have been rewarded with an abundence of vigorous and robust potential host plants. Selecting the Mother plant is an important step as your marijuana clones will grow to be it's exact copy.
We look for:
- Plants that are healthy, as well as disease and pest free.
- Plants that are female.
We prepare our chosen mother/host plant by feeding her with a high phosphorous, low nitrogen fertilizer one week before taking our cuttings.
With our Mother plant selected, the next step is to make our cutting and place it into the Rockwool.
We select a green branch quite low on the plant, with 2 or 3 nodes, and make a cut at a 45 degree angle. Using scissors, we cut the branch diagonally, about ¼ inch (5-10mm) below a node.
Trim off the lower two or three leaves, making sure you cut them off at the node. Plants like it when there are one or two trimmed nodes below ground.
Dip it in the rooting compound, and then plant the cutting in the Rockwool.
Now that our tray is full of cuttings we place a plastic dome on the tray, set the tray on a heating mat, and flick on the fluorescent light.
We check the root development by lifting the grow medium and checking that the roots have developed. New rooting systems will take 2-3 weeks to appear.
As some patients prefer a plant at a later stage in it's development, we transplant a few of the clones into bigger containers and grow them as teens.
Whether clone or teen, once they are ready we bring them to our dispensary, and share these awesome strains with our patients.